In Literature, with Pato, we read the atost my son the fanatic. Then, with Agustin and Salvador we carried out the following tasks.

Task 1

  1. What prevents Parvez from communicating directly with his son?

-At the beginning of the story, we are able to see how difficult is is for parvez to communicate with Ali, as he works for long hours, and has not much time to spend with his son. Moreover, Parvez culture is a very particular one, in which most things are already established, and he does not really know how to approach to his son, as he has never been taught how to do it. As a consequence, he does not really know how to be a father or how to be a model for Ali. In addition, through the story, this difficulties to communicate become more clear due to Parvez and Ali’s ideological differences, which in a way destroy their already poor relationship, and leave in evidence Parvez’s fear towards his son.


  1. What is Parvez’s dream for Ali’s future?

-Parvez dream for his son is for him to take advantage of all his father’s effort and hard work, by working hard with his education and becoming an accountant. He also dreams for Ali adapting as an English man, a “normal” man.


  1. How would you describe the personality of the following characterize:
  2. Parvez
  3. Ali
  4. Bettina

-Parvez is a very hard working and devoted man, but a bit stubborn and disloyal, as he tries to adapt to the English life becoming something he really wasn’t, and also betraying his wife having a lover. In the end, he is just a not too intelligent man who has communication problems and just cares about his son’s future.

Ali, is a very strange but fanatic young man, who is loyal and original, and is willing to sacrifice everything for his religion. In a way, he is also a selfish character, as he ignores everything his father has done for him.

Finally, Bettina is a good poor woman, who is merciful as she feels sad for Parvez and his son. Her job is highly considered beneath one’s dignity, but she still keeps going, so we may say she is brave as well.


  1. How would you describe the following relationships?
  2. Parvez and Ali at the beginning of the story
  3. Parvez and Ali at the end of the story
  4. Parvez and Bettina
  5. Parvez and his coworkers
  6. Parvez and his wife

a.The relation is quite mysterious as Parvez is worried of Ali’s changes in mood and their lack of communication.

b.This is a really violent and toxic relation, Parvez even seems to try to kill Ali thanks to his lack of obedience.

c.They have a really private relation, Bettina acts like Parvez’s wife talking with him about his problems and giving him “a ride for a ride”.

d.Parvez and his coworkers seem to be really good friends as he goes put with them to drink something, talk and have fun, when his is not working or sleeping.

e.This is probably the weakest relation in the story as Parvez barely talks to his wife and gives almost no participation to her in his life and his son’s life.


  1. What advice does Bettina give Parvez?

Bettina advised several times to Parvez. For instance when he suggests to look into Alis eyes in order to know whether he was consuming or not. Also, and the most important thing, is that Bettina suggests to parvez to talk to Ali about what was going on. To communicate with is son.


  1. What memory from Pakistan haunts Parvez?

-The memory which haunts Parvez from Pakistan, goes back to his childhood. He did not a have a clear model to follow, he did not have too much food to eat and develop properly, and he did not have a good education to grow up well and understand the world as it was.


  1. What rules does Ali criticize Parvez for breaking?

-The rule that Ali criticizes the most is the constant drinking of alcohol. Parvez is constantly drinking  “he went more often to the whisky bottle, even when he was at work”. Also he ate crispy bacon, which was forbidden by the Koran. The western culture was full of hypocrites, adulters, homosexualsm drug usres and prostitutes.


  1. Why does Parvez like England?

Parvez likes England since it has nothing to do with  Pakistan. Parvez worked so hard in order to be able to leave Pakistan, and England represents, in a way, all that effort he put in order to be able to have a better life, with good conditions.  Parvez had spent lots of money to give his son the best of possibilities. In fact the son is able to study, something his father was not lucky enough to do.


in opposition to his father, since it has nothing to do with his roots, and their traditions. In addition, his religion and true nationality are not fully accepted. Also London represents the capitalist world which blames them for all the problems in the middle east.


  1. Why does Ali hate London?

Ali hates London for two main reasons. First, people in London don’t live according to the Quran and its rules, they drink alcohol, they eat pork, they accept prostitutes and none of them prays. Second, Ali says that London was attacking his people which is actually true as England, among other countries, bombarded and damaged muslim countries and communities more than ones in pursuit of power and fortune. Also, London doesn’t fully accepts muslims, so many of them have to adapt to a religion and culture which is alien to them.

  1. What was the “last straw” that led Parvez to violence?

Probably the last straw which turned Parvez into a violent man was the fact that Ali didn’t even glance when his father entered angry to the room, in a sense of indifference towards the figure of his father. In addition, Ali was not simply avoiding his father but also praying muslim prayers which were not accepted by Parvez who was immersed in the occidental culture.

  1. What does Ali mean in the last line of the story?

In the last line of the story Ali says “So who’s the fanatic now?”, after being kicked and aggressed by his father because of being considered a muslim fanatic by Pervez. This phrase has a lot of meaning in the story as it shifts the roles of the characters, Parvez from a peaceful guy to a fanatic and Ali from a muslim fanatic to a peaceful muslim. With this Ali means that the one who is a fanatic is his father as his is willing to sacrifice the life of his son in order to protect his thoughts or even the thought that were imposed to him, after Parvex accusing Ali of being a fanatic.


Task 2

Complete the plot diagram online


Exposition: Parvez discovers his son Ali has no real plans for his future, but to devote himself to his religion, as he discovers he is a truly extremist fanatic.

Rising action: Ali, shows his total opposition to the English society (when he is in the car with Parvez and Bettina), and his clear idea of standing for his ideals and religion. He also insults both Bettina and his father, causing a rise in tension.

Climax: Parvez full of rage hits Ali several time, damaging his body but not his feelings.

Falling action: The falling action takes place when Ali asks Parvez “Who is the fanatic now?” stopping the aggression and causing the resolution.

Resolution: Relationship between father and son is destroyed, they will probably stop coexisting in Parvez’s house.

Task 3

Finally, choose one of the following tasks to write between 450 and 600 words

a. write a different ending of the story.

b. write a letter to Parvez showing empathy.

c. write the story from the point of view of the mother.

Always take into account context, culture and traditions!!

Task 1 and 2 must be posted in your blog and can be solved in pairs.

Task  3 is individual and must be handed in on Friday May 4 (on paper)

LA LA LAND quotes

We watched in our literature and language class the movie LA LA LAND, after watching it we were asked to do this tasks involving quotes.

33 Famous la la land movie quotes 6 #la la land

This quote represents, how those who dream without any barrier are seen as fool, as if the fact of them reading made them weaker. Dream, dream big, as fool as others may see you or think you are.

33 Famous la la land movie quotes

You should follow your dreams even if it is harder than it seems, and even if there is an easier way. If you do not do so, then it would be much worse.

33 Famous la la land movie quotes

You need to be creative, on order to invent and create your own life. Yet hope is essential as well, since without it, you would not be able to dream and project things.

33 Famous la la land movie quotes

Life depends on you, it is up to you how your life is, the decisions you take have an impact on how your life is. As a consequence if you are not happy with any of your life situations it is up to you to change it, to change your actions in order to change your life.

33 Famous la la land movie quotes

As the quote says you should be authentic, who you really are. And if you find yourself in a situation that you are not being so, you should change it.

Quote of my own:

“Dream so hard in order to make your reality a dream”


Evening in paradise

Wewereaskedby aour literature teacher, Pato, to analyzeand workon this great poem.

Here is everything i have beenworking on.

Characteristics of metaphysical poets

Dramatic manner and direct tone of speech
Blend of passion and thought
Fusion of passionate feelings and logical arguments
Usage of satire and irony
Uses paradoxes

He shows how satan is not to blame. He writes the poem in such a way in order to make you love Satan. He is so good that you will alime.

Paradise Lost is about Adam and Eve, how they came to be created and how they came to lose their place in the Garden of Eden, also called Paradise. It’s the same story you find in the first pages of Genesis, expanded by Milton into a very long, detailed, narrative poem. It also includes the story of the origin of Satan. Originally, he was called Lucifer, an angel in heaven who led his followers in a war against God, and was ultimately sent with them to hell. Thirst for revenge led him to cause man’s downfall by turning into a serpent and tempting Eve to eat the forbidden fruit.

The poem starts describing an evening in which as usual every minute is more quiet and darker, all animals are asleep except for the wakeful nightingale with is singing. The writer ;describes the evening as similar to paradise and the day as the time to work. That way paradise is achieved if you work hard when you are alive.

4. An analogy is a literary device that helps to establish a relationship based on similarities between two concepts or ideas. By using an analogy we can convey a new idea by using the blueprint of an old one as a basis for understanding. With a mental linkage between the two, one can create understanding regarding the new concept in a simple and succinct manner.

Epiphany is an “Aha!” moment. As a literary device, epiphany (pronounced ih-pif–uh-nee) is the moment when a character is suddenly struck with a life-changing realization which changes the rest of the story.

Often, an epiphany begins with a small, everyday occurrence or experience.

Here is an analysis of the poem !


Favorite song

In our first tutorial, we did an analysis of our favourite song. this is mine:


Sometimes I lay
Under the moon
And thank God I’m breathing
Then I pray
Don’t take me soon
‘Cause I’m here for a reason

Sometimes in my tears I drown
But I never let it get me down
So when negativity surrounds
I know someday it’ll all turn around

All my life I’ve been waiting for
I’ve been praying for
For the people to say
That we don’t wanna fight no more
There’ll be no more wars
And our children will play

One day
One day
One day
One day

It’s not about
Win or lose
Because we all lose
When they feed on the souls of the innocent
Blood-drenched pavement
Keep on moving through the waters stay raging
In this maze you can lose your way (your way)
It might drive you crazy but don’t let it faze you no way (no way)

Sometimes in my tears I drown
But I never let it get me down
So when negativity surrounds
I know someday it’ll all turn around

All my life I’ve been waiting for
I’ve been praying for
For the people to say
That we don’t wanna fight no more
There’ll be no more wars
And our children will play

One day
One day
One day
One day

One day this all will change
Treat people the same
Stop with the violence
Down with the hate
One day we’ll all be free
And proud to be
Under the same sun
Singing songs of freedom like

One day
One day

All my life I’ve been waiting for
I’ve been praying for
For the people to say
That we don’t wanna fight no more
There’ll be no more wars
And our children will play

One day
One day
One day
One day

I like this song not only because of the melodic part, how does it sound, the instruments involved in it but also because of the message this gives. Trought the song the author tries to transmit the listener that we should have faith that war will eventually stop. We have to stop fighting and using violence. at the begging of the song Matisyahu, creates a metaphor that he is daydreaming “sometimes I lay under the moon”. The first stanza he shows that he has a reason, as everyone in the world,  to be here. A mission.

Afterwards, Matisyahu uses an image to show how he cries showing sadness or depression, but he overcomes that and understands that someday all this sadness and gloomy atmosphere that surrounds society will die out.

All through the song, he expresses that there is hope that wars will end.


Questions on games at twilight

Task 1: Choose 10 quotes to analyse in deep


    • All this time no one had remembered Ravi.  This quote  is near the end of  the story. It is  a strong one. It is ironic  since Ravi had tried so hard to win the game,which would make everyone remember how good he was, and yet no one had  recognized him as a  winner nor himself. It is hard for Ravi to get to know  that all the time he had been fighting to overcome his fears and hide in the shed had no results. No one remember the existence  of Ravi. He had been forgotten. It is sad, and  extremely difficult for Ravi.


  • silence by a terrible sense of his insignificance.  The final line of the  story is this one. It sentence  the unpleasant feeling of  Ravi,  who even by facing his fears he had not accomplished what he truly wanted. He was no longer crying. The funeral like silence showed  the sadness and anguish Ravi felt. It is a strong image that the writer creates in the reader in order  to convey in  a stronger way how Ravi felt.
  • No life stirred at this arid time of day. The setting in place is, as well as Travis’s feelings towards the end, is lifeless. Nothing moves, there aren’t the appropriate conditions to something to move. The place  has no movement, no life, no joy. It settles the reader’s mind to an atmosphere where these sad feelings predominate.
  • He had wanted victory and triumph – not a funeral. he wanted to win. Ravi wanted to have a triumph so badly. He put all his energy and power to win. He faced fears, and other things. Yet what he found  was not that. In fact was the complete  opposite. He qualifies the situation as a funeral. To the other kids he had been forgotten, as if he was dead.
  • He hugged his knees together and smiled to himself almost shyly at the thought of so much victory, such laurels. Here Ravi is in the shed. Fighting against the immense fear he had towards being there alone. Yet he manages to smile, he knows that getting over  the fear would have big and great consequences. He would win. Something he really wanted.The image created in the reader  is so vivid and powerful.  It helps it connect with Ravi in all the ways possible.
  • ‘You’re dead,’ he said with satisfaction, licking the beads of perspiration off his upper lip, and then stalked off in search of worthier prey… This quote foreshadows Ravi’s child mentality. After and during his moment alone in the shed he changed and became more mature and grown up. “You’re dead” is completely focused and told directly to Ravi losing his innocence.   
  • Ravi shook, then shivered with delight, with self-congratulation. This quote shows how Ravi was making a change as he was doing an enormous effort to win the game, to show he was no more the weakest kid and that he could do things like everyone. He is passing through a transition moment. Also this gives us a view that he was not doing this for nothing, that means he is in the path to grow, be more mature. And with this phrase “with self-congratulation” he is telling that he is doing the effort only for him and his accomplishment make him feel proud.
  • …a dark and depressing mortuary of defunct household goods… This quote describes perfectly where Ravi was hiding, the shed. This description is not only for us to have an image of how that place look like, also is given like this to show how brave Ravi was for choosing that spot to hide himself and that he was starting to change a child’s attitude to a much more mature one.   
  • …the shed smelt of rats, ant hills, dust and spider webs. Also of less definable, less recognizable horrors. once again a clear description of  the shed is done by Desai, to make the reader feel  deeply how the setting was. This also helps the reader understand how hard was for  Ravi  to be there, as a consequence how important was  for  him to  win. In the end  if he was willing to face all  that just for  winning. It must have been really important. The vivid  description Desai does  helps the reader portray in their heads the place. Helping it imagine everything with more detail.
  • …he hadn’t much faith in his short legs when matched against Raghu’s long, hefty, hairy footballer’s legs. This quote is almost at the beginning of the story and shows clearly that Ravi was not even confident on himself and that he was under his older brother’s capacity or facilities. He felt here he was less than them, in this case than Raghu. This also demonstrates how his attitude at first was, showing that he was a kid.



Task 2

The rite of passage consists on five steps that someone needs to go through to reach maturity. In “games at twilight” Ravi, the protagonist, has an object of desire, that is defeating Ragu and winning the game that they were playing. This element is very necessary because Ravi needs to aspire to something to complete the other elements.

At the beginning of the story Ravi decides to break the rules and he decides to play with the other kids, and for this they break the rules that Mira, the girl in charge, put, that was not to pass the porch. In this we also find another element completed that is defying authority.

As the story proceeds, we find out the challenges that Ravi had to face. One of this was the fearful and gloomy shed in which he had to stay in order to win the game, and the other was to confront the long legs of the oldest kid playing. The object of desire would not be reached if he hadn’t faced this fears. Another step of the rite of passage is completed and is to have a dare or challenge.

In the last steps the reader finds out that the protagonist is not able to complete this process of maturity because he is not able to accept and understand that he has been left aside and forgotten. The kid could have processed and accept this and he could go to play another game, but instead he lays on the grass, experiencing suffering.

To conclude, the rite of passage is not completed because Ravi could not fulfill the last elements of understanding and acceptance.


Virtual period: Railways

This is my history virtual period.

By 1850 the first railway opened in Argentina, whit their own finance. With the president, Mitre railways were sold mainly to Britain. By 1890 British companies owned most of Argentina’s railways, which was highly criticized since it was sold for less money than the cost. It is said that during the years that followed too many sales were made for less money to British companies. And by 1910 railways were monopolized by British companies. Yet this was in some ways criticized it also had benefits since railways received big investments to improve it.
By 1914 the Argentinian railways were large indeed and in the last 20 years, or so, 30000 km was added to the extensions.
When the Second World War ended railways were nationalized. In 1948, when this happened, the railway system was divided into 6.
President Peron made this a political matter, making it a symbol of national autonomy. By the 60s with the cars taking the world railways all around the world were left aside, an Argentina was no exception.
Argentinian  railway at is greatest extent 1950.